Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak in Iran: Actions and problems

Author :Milad Abdi

To the Editor—Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). Investigations have shown that SARS-CoV was transmitted from civet cats to humans and MERS-CoV from dromedary camels to humans. Coronaviruses are present in humans and many different species of animals, including camels, cattle, cats, and bats. Rarely, animal coronaviruses can infect people and then spread between people such as MERS-CoV, SARS-CoV, and the new virus named SARS-CoV-2.1,2

The SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus was first detected in China, and the disease it causes has been named “coronavirus disease 2019,” which is abbreviated “COVID-19.” Common signs of this infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure, and even death.1,2

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) was first reported from Wuhan, China, on December 31, 2019, and is now a concerning issue in the world especially in Iran, South Korea, and Italy.2,3 In Iran, on February 19, 2020, two patients in Qom city were confirmed as SARS-CoV-2 positive. Afterward, the disease spread very rapidly in adjacent provinces near Qom, such as Tehran, Markazi, Isfahan, and Semnan provinces, and shortly thereafter in all 31 provinces of the country. By March 8, 2020, according to Dr. Jahanpour, spokesman for the Ministry of Health and Medical Education, the total number of infected people who tested positive for SARS-Cov-2 had reached 6,566 and COVID-19 deaths had reached 194.4 Although these data continue to change, they show that the mortality rate has been ∼۲.۹% in COVID-19–positive cases.5 At the time of article submission, Iran ranked third in the number of people suffering from the disease after China and South Korea and second in the number of deaths and recovered cases.6,7

According to officials of the Iranian Ministry of Health and Medical Education (MHME), in the coming days the number of positive cases and deaths will increase. Thus, the issue of the COVID-19 outbreak and its control has become a top priority for the MHME. Iran formed the National Committee to Combat Corona and has decided to control this infection using all resources of the country, especially the knowledge, equipment, and skilled personnel.

تاریخ انتشار اولیه: ۱ فروردین ۱۳۹۹
تاریخ رصد: ۱۶ مرداد ۱۳۹۹

 

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